Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Do protective behavioral strategies mediate the relationship between personality characteristics and college students' use of alcohol
by Donovan, Brooke Merrigan, Ph.D., State University of New York at Albany, 2008, 86; 3348176
Abstract (Summary)

Excessive alcohol use among college students is a major public health and safety concern on campuses across the United States. A relatively new educational and intervention effort focuses on protective behavioral strategies (PBS), which are defined as techniques that individuals can use while they are actively consuming alcohol in order to reduce the amount consumed as well as the negative consequences that often accompany such use. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that PBS would mediate the relationship between neuroticism and alcohol use in that individuals with higher levels of neuroticism would use fewer PBS while drinking and would consume more alcohol than their peers. Second, it was predicted that PBS would mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and alcohol use in that those with high levels of conscientiousness would employ a higher number of PBS while using alcohol and would consume less alcohol. Third, it was expected that PBS would mediate the relationship between impulsivity and alcohol use in that impulsive individuals would use a fewer number of PBS while consuming alcohol and would consume higher levels of alcohol. A sample of 250 students from a public northeastern university completed two personality inventories, three measures regarding drinking behaviors, and a demographic questionnaire. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed a mediation effect of PBS on the relationships between both conscientiousness and alcohol use, and impulsivity and alcohol use. There was no evidence of a relationship between neuroticism and alcohol use, however, and therefore no mediation effect. Clinical implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cimini, Dolores
School: State University of New York at Albany
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-B 70/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Clinical psychology, Personality psychology
Keywords: Alcohol use, College students, Conscientiousness, Impulsivity, Neuroticism, Personality, Protective behavioral strategies
Publication Number: 3348176
ISBN: 9781109037166
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