This dissertation documents the pattern of infant care in a rural, wet-rice village located in the Purworejo District, Central Java Province, in Indonesia. Among the most densely populated agrarian territories in the world, Java contains 100 million people, or two-third's of Indonesia's total population. Based on field research that was conducted between July 1990 and July 1991, the study focused on infant care by examining the relationships among infant age, household composition, and mothers' tasks (remunerated and non-remunerated). These variables were significant because an estimated 40% of children under five years of age are malnourished and 60% of the women in Central Java are engaged in income-generating work.
The study was based on a sample of 60 mothers and infants followed over a six month period. Mothers' time-allocations to breast feeding, infant care, and seasonal work-cycles (paid and unpaid) were correlated with the infants' age (3-24 months), weight-for-age nutritional status, and non-breastmilk food intake. Information on household socio-economic status was also collected and ethnographic interviews conducted to determine mothers' explanations of infant care, such as infant illness.
The results of the study showed that mothers' time devoted to income-generating activities outside the home increased with infant age and that child care was left to family members. Multivariate analysis revealed that such remunerative labor and low household asset status were significantly correlated with infant weight loss among infants aged 3-12 months (mean = 7 months). Mothers from low asset households breast feed more frequently and for more minutes per day, and also supplement infant diet with a lower protein to calorie ratio, than the middle and upper asset mothers. Among older infants there was no significant correlation between maternal work patterns and infant weight gains or losses. Among such older infants (mean = 16 months) non-maternal care-givers provided supplementary feeding on 40% of the sample days and the time they spent with older infants was significantly correlated with weight gain. The study concludes that mothers' time-allocation patterns, infant age, and the role of other caregivers have a direct impact on infant health.
|Advisor:||Hefner, Robert W.|
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||DAI-A 55/12, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Cultural anthropology, Nutrition, Public health|
|Keywords:||rural health care|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be