Student search and seizure is a practice used in school investigations on a daily basis. This dissertation examined case history since the landmark New Jersey v. T.L.O. United States Supreme Court decision in 1985, which created a framework of decisions that affect public school search and seizure practice. A review of literature found that schools have a liability in these searches and that the guidelines for search and seizure are not clear. The present research focused on the nature of reasonable suspicion, scope or intrusiveness of searches, the role of generalized searches, and police involvement in searches. The research instrument was a 54-item survey, which was completed by 27 comprehensive high school administrators. Independent variables included school setting and suspension history from the 2008-2009 school year. Dependent variables included the level of reasonable suspicion, use of generalized searches, intrusiveness of searches, and police involvement in searches. A chi-square test was used to compare the categorical variables of this study. The results indicated that generalized searches are significantly related to a school's setting and suspension history. Schools that are in an urban setting are more likely than are schools in a suburban setting to use generalized searches.
|School:||California State University, Fullerton|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/05, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Law, Education Policy, School administration|
|Keywords:||California, Fourth Amendment, High schools, New Jersey v. T.L.O., Riverside County, San Bernardino County, Search and seizure, Student rights, Vernonia v. Acton|
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