The purpose of this quantitative correlational study is to examine if, and to what extent, a correlation exists between state government employees’ preference of their leader’s dominant leadership style (transformational or servant) and employees’ perceptions of their leader’s dominant social orientation (social justice or social order) for state employees located in an Upper Midwest state. The theoretical foundations for this research study were theories of organizational leadership, and political science theories. The research study was conducted with a cluster sampling of 149 state government employees who completed an online survey that included anchoring vignettes to identify social orientation, and two validated instruments: 20-item (MLQ) Form 5X Short for measures of Transformational Leadership and Ehrhart’s 14-item Scale for measures of Servant Leadership. A demographic questionnaire was administered to collect descriptive data. Two research questions were established to examine the correlation between employees’ perceptions of their preferred leader’s leadership style and the employees’ perceptions of their leader’s social orientation. The result of Spearman's rank-order correlation showed a statistically significant, strong positive correlation between servant leadership and social orientation, (rs(144) = .241, p = .003) and no statistically significant relationship between transformational leadership and social orientation, (rs(144) = -.074, p = .377). Based on the study results, public entities may want to consider employee surveys on leadership preferences and incorporating social orientation in employee selection, thus leading successful organizational outcomes and good person-organization-fit.
|Advisor:||Krell, Robert A.|
|Commitee:||Landry, Victor L., Markette, Nicholas|
|School:||Grand Canyon University|
|Department:||College of Doctoral Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/9(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational leadership, Organization Theory, Political science|
|Keywords:||Organizational leadership, Servant leadership, Social justice, Social order, Social orientation, Transformational leadership|
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