Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A comparison of sensory and function-based antecedent approaches to decreasing out-of-seat behavior
by Desmond, Kate L., M.S., Northeastern University, 2010, 37; 1474876
Abstract (Summary)

This study was designed to empirically assess a sensory-based treatment for out-of-seat behavior and to compare the practical effects of sensory and function-based treatments in an applied setting. Initially, individualized function-based treatments were designed for each of three participants based on the results of structured assessments. These antecedent treatments included functional communication, non-contingent attention and non-contingent reinforcement. The effects of these treatments on out-of-seat behavior were compared to the use of a therapy ball as a chair in an alternating treatments design. The results indicate that while function-based treatments did not further reduce rates of out-of-seat behavior, the use of therapy balls as chairs increased rates of this maladaptive behavior. This study highlights the risks of implementing treatments without prior assessment and supports the need for empirical evaluations of sensory-based treatments in applied settings.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Pace, Gary, Gilligan, Katherine
Commitee: Rue, Hanna
School: Northeastern University
Department: Applied Behavior Analysis
School Location: United States -- Massachusetts
Source: MAI 48/04M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Special education, Developmental psychology
Keywords: Antecedent, Autism, Function-based, Out-of -seat, Sensory-based, Therapy ball
Publication Number: 1474876
ISBN: 978-1-109-71070-0
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