Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) is a longstanding atrocity that has plagued societies since the earliest documentation of war. Much of the existing research focuses on the reactionary implications and impact on individuals, families, communities, and the larger society. In this case study, the researcher focused on how policy, procedure, and culture influence CRSV. Using the ongoing conflict with Ukraine, Russia, and Crimea, the researcher veered away from the more commonly utilized conflicts in Africa, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This conflict was used to demonstrate that sexual violence is not limited by geographical boundaries, but rather is a global phenomenon that needs further scrutiny of such use in Western societies. In this study, the researcher used Wood’s Typology of Rape (2018) as the theoretical framework to guide how policies and procedures influence CRSV. Wood’s typology provides guidance of rape as policy versus practice, and these delineations were used to identify the policies and procedures that were used in the Ukraine, Russia, Crimea conflict. There was not a theoretical framework to identify cultural influences; however, various cultural constructs from previous studies were identified in this study. Four out of six of the criteria for both policies and procedures were identified in the data and 10 different cultural constructs were found. The findings demonstrate a need for collaboration with key stakeholders, both within the conflict zones and those on the outside making legal and political decisions. The evidence shows that the militarized environment leaves combatants and citizens vulnerable to CRSV and the response is there after the crimes are committed. However, there are policy, procedural, and cultural components that can be used to prevent CRSV from happening in the first place and this study and others can be used to support such efforts.
|Commitee:||Branche, Roger, Civljak, Kristijan|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|Department:||International Psychology: Trauma Services Concentration|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/9(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Military studies|
|Keywords:||Conflict-Related Sexual Violence, Policy, Procedures, War, Military conflict, Rape|
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