This transcendental phenomenological study explored Iranian women’s perspectives on policies and attitudes that influence their empowerment and their proposed solutions for its enhancement. A mix of criterion and snowball sampling techniques were used to recruit 16 participants. Two empowerment theories and an international psychology lens guided this research. This research had two main research questions and one sub-research question. The first research question explored the perception of Iranian women on their empowerment. Six major themes emerged from this research question: Historical view of empowerment transformation, Coexistence of empowerment and disempowerment, Differences between women, Varied perspectives about empowerment, Views on absence of empowerment, and Views on presence of empowerment. The second research question explored Iranian women’s perspectives on factors influencing their empowerment. Seven major themes emerged from this research question: Status of women; Influence of context, culture, and socialization; Social attitudes, characteristics, and abilities; Policies, laws, authorities, and systems’ influence; Challenges in education and changemaking; Contributing nature of factors influencing empowerment; and Resources’ availability and utilization. The sub-research question explored Iranian women’s proposed solutions for enhancing their empowerment. Six themes emerged from this sub-research question: Promoting empowering attitudes; Promoting education, understanding and awareness; Enhancing empowerment related laws; Using research and experts; Forms of resources and support, and Actively involving stakeholders within needed context. This research can contribute to the work of cultural, Iranian, and International psychology. Furthermore, this study can be of interest to Iranian women, policymakers, activists, health professionals, researchers, and organizations, interested in Iranian women’s empowerment.
|Advisor:||Perez, Patricia H.A.|
|Commitee:||Machizawa, Sayaka, Santiago, Michelle|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|Department:||International Psychology: Organizations and Systems Concentration|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/9(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Empowerment, Iranian women, Phenomenology|
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