Through the examination of the Abeokuta Women’s tax revolt of 1949, my research examines how Yorùbá women maintained their roles and status during colonial rule. In pre-colonial Yoruba society, the cultural norms allowed women to actively participate in the social, economic, and political development of their societies. In addition to holding traditional roles within the household, the lives of Yorùbá women extended to the economic sphere where they occupied vital roles in marketplaces and also controlled the local economy. These economic activities provided Yorùbá women with the opportunity to generate income and support themselves financially, independent of their husbands. I argue that because Yorùbá women were mostly traders, through their pivotal position in the marketplace, they were able to carve social and political status for themselves in precolonial and colonial periods. Yorùbá women were able to transcend the economic sphere to have substantial roles and presence in the political sphere with examples such as Ẹfúnṣetán Aníwúrà and Efunroye Osuntinubu reflecting how Yorùbá women attained political status from their economic activities. However, the advent of colonial rule and the introduction of colonial policies affected the economic roles Yorùbá women had enjoyed in pre-colonial Yorùbáland. By introducing policies that interfered with the economic roles and activities of women, it increasingly threatened the economic independence Yorùbá women enjoyed in the economic sphere. I argue that Yorùbá women during the period of study had to negotiate and adapt to the new political and economic realities that emerged in order to be able to maintain their economic roles and independence.
|Commitee:||Miller, Jennifer, Cheeseboro, Anthony|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 82/9(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||African history, Womens studies, Economics|
|Keywords:||Yorùbá women, 1900-1950, Colonial rule, Local economy, Sociopolitical status|
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