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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Dances and Escape of the Vortex Quartet
by Behring, Brandon M., Ph.D., New Jersey Institute of Technology, 2020, 166; 28094389
Abstract (Summary)

This dissertation considers the linear stability of a one-parameter family of periodic solutions of the four-vortex problem known as `leapfrogging' orbits. These solutions, which consist of two pairs of identical yet oppositely-signed vortices, were known to W. Gröbli (1877) and A. E. H. Love (1883) and can be parameterized by a dimensionless parameter related to the geometry of the initial configuration. Simulations by Acheson and numerical Floquet analysis by Tophøj and Aref both indicate, to many digits, that the bifurcation occurs at a value related to the inverse square of the golden ratio.

Acheson observed that, after an initial period of aperiodic leapfrogging, the perturbed solutions could transition into one of two behaviors: a bounded orbit he called 'walkabout' and an unbounded orbit he called 'disintegration.' In the walkabout orbit, two like-signed vortices couple together, and the motion resembles a three-vortex system. In disintegration, four vortices separate into two pairs---each pair consisting one negative and one positive vortex---that escape to infinity along two transverse rays.

Two goals are addressed in this dissertation:

Goal 1:To rigorously demonstrate, without numerics, the exact algebraic value for which the Hamiltonian pitchfork bifurcation

occurs.

Goal 2:Understand how, as the parameter is decreased, the dynamics transitions between the various regimes and escape become

first possible and then almost inevitable, as well as identifying the structures in phase-space that are responsible for the transition

between these regimes.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Goodman, Roy H.
Commitee: Kevrekidis, Panayotis, Siegel, Michael, Blackmore, Dennis , Moore, Richard
School: New Jersey Institute of Technology
Department: Department of Mathematical Sciences
School Location: United States -- New Jersey
Source: DAI-B 82/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Fluid mechanics
Keywords: Chaotic systems, Dynamical systems, Hamiltonian dynamics, Non-linear dynamics, Point-vortex motion
Publication Number: 28094389
ISBN: 9798582531227
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