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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Influence of Employee Engagement on the Retention of Support Staff Employees in the Federal Government: A Systematic Review of Strategies that Lead to Employee Engagement
by Storey, Flore-Nadine, D.B.A., University of Maryland Global Campus, 2020, 147; 28315219
Abstract (Summary)

As employee turnover in the federal government continues to increase, so does the need for managers to create a work culture that promotes employee engagement. Employee engagement and retention are vital to an organization's productivity and competitive edge. The purpose of this dissertation was to explore strategies that first-line supervisors in the federal government could use to increase employee engagement and improve the retention of support staff employees. The theoretical framework used for this study was based on Thibault and Kelley's social exchange theory. This study's research methodology was a systematic review based on a thematic synthesis using a configurative approach. The systematic review included 36 peer-reviewed empirical studies from 2010-2020, evaluated for quality and relevancy in answering the research question. Data analysis involved using dedoose software 8.0.35 to compile the data, disassemble the data into codes, and reassemble the data into themes. Five key findings emerged as strategies: (a) authentic leaders positively influence engagement; b) managers provide timely training and development to improve retention and career growth. (c) Job resources foster engagement; (d) supervisors create a positive work environment that encourages engagement, improves retention, and (e) managers and supervisors develop and maintain an effective performance management process. When implemented, these strategies should lead to a culture of engagement in which supervisors acknowledge the critical role support staff have in influencing organizational performance and productivity. This dissertation provides significant value to federal government managers in that it shows that first-line supervisors often behave in a transactional manner with support staff. By creating a culture in which supervisors behave with respect and authenticity in their relationship with subordinates, the federal government should experience a reduction in turnover of critical support staff talent and thus better retention of essential employees.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Wharff, Deborah, Gelatt, James
Commitee: Bouchard, Marcia , Drasin, Joseph
School: University of Maryland Global Campus
Department: Management
School Location: United States
Source: DAI-A 82/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Management, Occupational psychology
Keywords: Employee engagement, First-line supervisors, Retention, Social Exchange Theory, Support staff employees, The federal government
Publication Number: 28315219
ISBN: 9798582515869
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