Acculturation is the process by which an individual’s cultural patterns, such as practices, values and identities, change as a result of long term contact with another culture (Ward & Geeraert, 2016). Subjective well-being refers to contentment with one’s life. (Diener, 2006; Schwartz et al., 2013). The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between the components of acculturation: cultural identifications, cultural practices and cultural values, and subjective well-being in a sample of 82 participants of Bangladeshi origin. The Bangladeshi population in the US, consist of an estimated 176,000 individuals nationally, with an estimated 96,000 living in New York City (SAALT, 2019). Of the studies involving Asian Americans, most only include a few ethnicities and often solely study East Asian ethnicities (Gupta, Leong, Valentine, & Canada, 2013). Understanding these relationships will not only address the gap in the existing literature about Bangladeshi Americans, but it will also suggest directions for community outreach for psychological services tailored to the specific needs of this growing population.
Findings supported that stronger adherence to American values, American cultural practices, and greater lengths of time spent in the United States were associated with greater subjective well-being. Stronger adherence to Bangladeshi values were associated with lower levels of subjective well-being. While typically, adherence to one’s culture of origin is a protective factor, Bangladeshi Americans have reported experiencing a wide variety of problems including discrimination and Microaggressions (National Asian American Survey, 2016) and relatively new identification as Bangladeshi, that may have contributed to this finding. Females reported greater levels of social well-being. Greater household income was associated with greater levels of well-being.
Overall, this study adds to the current literature about acculturation in the Bangladeshi American population. This study is the first to quantitatively examine the effects of acculturation and subjective well-being in Bangladeshi Americans.
|Advisor:||Tsytsarev, Sergei V.|
|Commitee:||Meller, Paul J., Motta, Robert W., Shin, Jin Y., Rinaldi, Daniel M.|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Asian American Studies, Social psychology|
|Keywords:||Acculturation, Bangladesh, Bangladeshi, Bengali, Subjective well-being, Well being|
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