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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Diet Behaviors, Physical Activity, and Sociodemographic Factors in a Sample of Racially Diverse Adults: A Secondary Analysis of Nhanes (2017–2018) Data
by Choupani, Fatemeh, Ph.D., University of Missouri - Saint Louis, 2020, 138; 28260981
Abstract (Summary)

Background: The prevalence of obesity is increasing among adults in the United States and is related to a high risk to health. Obesity has been linked to lifestyle behaviors such as diet behaviors and physical activity.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine if an association exits between foods prepared outside of the home, walking or biking, vigorous/moderate recreational activities, sociodemographic factors and the outcomes, body mass index, percentage of body fat, and waist circumference.

Method: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from 3942 adults from the U.S. aged 20 years, as recorded in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2017–2018. This study used an independent t-test and two-way MANOVA.

Results: Statistically significant findings are as follows. Walking or biking and vigorous recreational activities were associated with body mass index, percentage of body fat, and waist circumference (P < 0.0001). Moderate recreational activities were associated with percent of body fat (P < 0.0001). Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black men had a higher frequency of eating foods outside of the home compared to Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black women (P < 0.0001), but the difference is small and not clinically significant.

Conclusion: Using lifestyle change to prevent obesity remains the cornerstone of wellness. Further study on lifestyle change that is population based is warranted.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Fish, Anne Folta
Commitee: Vandermause, Roxanne K., Tokac, Umit , Spingola, Marc
School: University of Missouri - Saint Louis
Department: College of Nursing
School Location: United States -- Missouri
Source: DAI-B 82/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing, Kinesiology, Nutrition
Keywords: Body fat, Body mass index, Diet, Physical activity, Sociodemographic, Waist circumference
Publication Number: 28260981
ISBN: 9798569913725
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