Previous research on the behavioral effect of choice as a reinforcer indicate a parallelism between methodology to quantify, enhance, evaluate, and establish the reinforcement efficacy of choice to function as a conditioned reinforcer. Applied research on the efficacy of choice components within behavior change interventions recommended increased empirical evaluations on the value of choice as an independent variable. Concurrent chain arrangement assessments across species identify a lawful relation of preference across choice making opportunities providing evidence of phylogenic behavioral selection. Specifically, preponderance of individuals or organisms of a species population demonstrate preferential responding for Free-Choice conditions, followed by decreasing numbers indifferent to choice conditions, and preferential responding for Restricted-Choice conditions in the smallest portion of the population. Conditioned choice preference assessments research in the applied settings evaluate the relation behavioral selection through ontogeny or conditioning effects within the history of the individual. This research replicates conditioned choice assessment research in preadolescent aged participants and the effect of response effort on conditioning choice preference by increased fixed ratio (FR) schedule of reinforcement. Two of the four participants were exposed to preference reversal conditions, one participant underwent a preference enhancement conditions. Finally, one participant was exposed to a preference establishment condition. In addition to an ABA analysis, data comparisons include task performance and allocation of choice condition selection. Findings of the study indicate possible overlap between accuracy of task and conditioning choice preference.
|Commitee:||Ackerlund Brandt, Julie A., Juanico, Jessica F.|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|Department:||Applied Behavioral Analysis|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-B 82/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral Sciences, Personality psychology, Statistics|
|Keywords:||Response effort, Conditional choice preferences, Phylogenic behavioral selection, Increased fixed ratio, Ontogeny, Individual conditional effects, Choice-making opportunities|
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