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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Cross-Sectional Study of Household Size and Family Size and Their Association with Childhood Asthma and Childhood Obesity in Southern California in 2020
by Brooks, Donald, Ph.D., Trident University International, 2021, 107; 28315624
Abstract (Summary)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between asthma and obesity in American youth under the age of 18. Another purpose of this study was to assess whether family size or household size have differing effects on childhood asthma and childhood obesity. Background: An ecological systems theoretical framework was used to guide this study. Data retrieved for this study was analyzed at three levels, descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate. For the bivariate analysis the independent variables (IVs) household size and family size were analyzed for their level of influence on the dependent variables (DVs) childhood asthma and childhood obesity. For the multivariate analysis the relationship between childhood asthma (IV) and childhood obesity (DV) was studied after controlling for sex, race, age, and socioeconomic status (SES). Design: This was a correlational study. Logistic regression was used for all bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Results: For the bivariate analyses the association between family size and asthma was found to be statistically significant - p < .001, OR = .702, 95% CI [.583, .844]. The association between household size and asthma was also found to be statistically significant - p < .001, OR = 1.249, 95% CI [1.148, 1.358]. The association between family size and obesity was found to be statistically significant – p < .001, OR = .762, 95% CI [.640, .907]. And finally, the association between household size and obesity was also found to be statistically significant – p < .001, OR = 1.259, 95% CI [1.159, 1.366]. A bivariate analysis was also conducted to evaluate the association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity. The aforementioned bivariate analysis suggests that there is a statistically significant association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity – p < .001, OR = 7.249, 95% CI [4.838, 10.862.]. For the multivariate analysis the association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity was also found to be statistically significant after controlling for sex, race, age, and SES – p < .001, OR = 6.965, 95% CI [4.532, 10.706]. More than 50% of the children who had a dual diagnosis (childhood asthma & childhood obesity) in this study were diagnosed with asthma before obesity suggesting that asthma may be a risk factor for obesity in children.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cardillo, Carlos
Commitee: Roberts, Pamela, Geschke, Renee
School: Trident University International
Department: College of Health Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 82/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Public health, Individual & family studies, Sociology, Nutrition
Keywords: Body mass index, Childhood asthma, Childhood obesity, Ecological systems theory, Family size, Household size, Southern California, Obesity epidemic
Publication Number: 28315624
ISBN: 9798569924844
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