Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between asthma and obesity in American youth under the age of 18. Another purpose of this study was to assess whether family size or household size have differing effects on childhood asthma and childhood obesity. Background: An ecological systems theoretical framework was used to guide this study. Data retrieved for this study was analyzed at three levels, descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate. For the bivariate analysis the independent variables (IVs) household size and family size were analyzed for their level of influence on the dependent variables (DVs) childhood asthma and childhood obesity. For the multivariate analysis the relationship between childhood asthma (IV) and childhood obesity (DV) was studied after controlling for sex, race, age, and socioeconomic status (SES). Design: This was a correlational study. Logistic regression was used for all bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Results: For the bivariate analyses the association between family size and asthma was found to be statistically significant - p < .001, OR = .702, 95% CI [.583, .844]. The association between household size and asthma was also found to be statistically significant - p < .001, OR = 1.249, 95% CI [1.148, 1.358]. The association between family size and obesity was found to be statistically significant – p < .001, OR = .762, 95% CI [.640, .907]. And finally, the association between household size and obesity was also found to be statistically significant – p < .001, OR = 1.259, 95% CI [1.159, 1.366]. A bivariate analysis was also conducted to evaluate the association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity. The aforementioned bivariate analysis suggests that there is a statistically significant association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity – p < .001, OR = 7.249, 95% CI [4.838, 10.862.]. For the multivariate analysis the association between childhood asthma and childhood obesity was also found to be statistically significant after controlling for sex, race, age, and SES – p < .001, OR = 6.965, 95% CI [4.532, 10.706]. More than 50% of the children who had a dual diagnosis (childhood asthma & childhood obesity) in this study were diagnosed with asthma before obesity suggesting that asthma may be a risk factor for obesity in children.
|Commitee:||Roberts, Pamela, Geschke, Renee|
|School:||Trident University International|
|Department:||College of Health Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public health, Individual & family studies, Sociology, Nutrition|
|Keywords:||Body mass index, Childhood asthma, Childhood obesity, Ecological systems theory, Family size, Household size, Southern California, Obesity epidemic|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be