Research on self-criticism indicates it is an important predictor of psychopathology. Although many measures of self-criticism have been developed, variations in conceptualizing self-criticism and its entanglement with other constructs (e.g., depression, reassurance-seeking, rumination) have produced very diverse measures and no consensus on a gold standard. The Self-Rating Scale (SRS; Hooley et al., 2010), a widely used measure of self-criticism in self-injury research, did not utilize conventional test development methods and has limited psychometric data. The present study sought to examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity of the SRS. Participants were 88 psychology undergraduate students. The SRS demonstrated good internal consistency (α = .94) and adequate test-retest reliability (r = .76). The SRS demonstrated satisfactory convergent validity with other measures of self-criticism, expected dimensions of perfectionism (socially prescribed, self-oriented, concerns about mistakes, and doubts about actions), depressive symptoms, and affect. The SRS demonstrated adequate discriminant validity with expected constructs of perfectionism (other-oriented, personal standards, and organizational perfectionism). The SRS predicted depressive symptoms above and beyond social-prescribed and self-oriented perfectionism. The SRS appears to be a psychometrically sound measure of self-criticism.
|Advisor:||Pepper, Carolyn M.|
|Commitee:||Clapp, Joshua, Thomas, Jenifer|
|School:||University of Wyoming|
|School Location:||United States -- Wyoming|
|Source:||MAI 82/7(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Neurosciences, Personality psychology, Mental health, Clinical psychology, Behavioral psychology, Pathology|
|Keywords:||Internal consistency, Perfectionism, Self-criticism, Test-retest reliability, Validity|
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