The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo helped to fuel the narrative that women’s rights are human rights, and that gender equality is crucial to the goals of sustainable population growth and development. Twenty-five years later, the ICPD+25 Summit in Nairobi reaffirmed those values, and called on the international community to achieve goals such as ending gender-based violence and ensuring full access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare where legal. While the United States is not an ally to the goals of the ICPD+25 under the Trump administration, individual states can take responsibility in ensuring these goals are met. In particular, the state of New Jersey is in a position to take action and establish full human rights for all. To do this, crisis pregnancy centers must be regulated, buffer zones must be instated for reproductive healthcare clinics where necessary, the racial disparities in maternal mortality must be reduced, and gender-based violence must be addressed for the most vulnerable populations. This paper explores how the international community came to a consensus on gender equality as it relates to population and development, why these rights are important, and specifically, how and why New Jersey can improve to ensure the full range of human rights for its citizens.
|Commitee:||McMahon, Sarah, Cooper, Brittney|
|School:||Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, School of Graduate Studies|
|Department:||Women's and Gender Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||MAI 82/7(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, Public policy, Gender studies, Sociology, Public administration, Political science|
|Keywords:||Gender equality, Gender-based violence, New Jersey, Population and development, Reproductive justice, Women's rights, Nairobi, Trump administration, United States, Vulnerable populations, Human rights|
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