The connection between character strengths and mental disorders represents a significant topic of interest to positive psychologists and clinical researchers. Several models have already been proposed for integrating character strengths from the VIA Classification with diagnoses and symptom profiles. Hall-Simmonds and McGrath (2019) proposed an alternative model that focuses on signature strengths, defined as particularly central character strengths to the individual, as moderators of psychopathology. The present study is the first to investigate this relationship. A sample of 399 adults with self-report scores indicative of depression were recruited online through the VIA Institute on Character website after completing the VIA Inventory of Strength (Peterson & Seligman, 2004). Across 24 regression analyses, social intelligence was the only signature strength found to moderate the relationship between depression and functional impairment. A qualitative exploratory analysis was also conducted concerning participants’ perceptions of their signature strengths. Three main categories emerged from the exploratory analysis: social connection, identity and personal values, and goal attainment. Both protective and risk factors were identified for all three categories. It was concluded that despite limited statistical evidence, overused signature strengths were perceived to have an impact on one’s ability to cope with depression. Participants were likely to view their signature strengths as either helpful or harmful based on their ability to use social support systems effectively, act in accordance with one’s values and identity, or to achieve a desired outcome.
|Commitee:||Dumont, Ronald, Mayerson, Neal, McGlinchey, Eleanor|
|School:||Fairleigh Dickinson University|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Cognitive psychology, Mental health, Individual & family studies, Social psychology, Behavioral psychology|
|Keywords:||Depression, Personal impairment, Positive psychology, Signature strengths, VIA-IS|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be