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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Association of Emotion Regulation with Student Teacher Relationship Quality in the Context of Poverty
by Jeans, Brian, Ph.D., Temple University, 2020, 166; 28257005
Abstract (Summary)

Early childhood adversity, particularly poverty, can be a source of chronic stress that contributes to emotion dysregulation at the start of formal schooling. Children’s reactivity to novel challenges in the classroom is associated with externalizing behavior and subsequent difficulties developing academic and social emotional skills (Blair & Raver, 2015; Hackman, Farah & Meaney, 2010). Research grounded in the “science of feeling safe” (Porges, 2011) and attachment theory demonstrates that sensitive, empathic teachers can foster the development of emotion regulation in at-risk children, leading to more adaptive classroom behaviors (Pianta, Belsky, Vandergrift et al., 2008). This study was designed to help explain the associations between student-teacher relationship quality and externalizing behavior, self-regulation and executive function, and then examine if these associations are moderated by poverty. The results of a multilevel analysis highlight significant correlations both within and between classrooms for closeness/conflict and externalizing behavior and teacher-rated self-regulation. Classroom-level SES was observed to moderate the association of relationship closeness with externalizing behavior. In the discussion of these findings, the needs for more nuanced measures of student stress and teacher sensitivity are examined. Professional development opportunities are also presented for teachers to learn stress management techniques and to build social regulation skills.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Byrnes, James
Commitee: HIndman, Annemarie, Ducette, Joseph , Farley, Frank
School: Temple University
Department: Educational Psychology
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-A 82/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Educational evaluation, Educational leadership, Educational technology
Keywords: Executive Function, Mindfulness, Polyvagal Theory, Professional Development, Self Regulation, Student-Teacher Relationship
Publication Number: 28257005
ISBN: 9798569905980
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