Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Average Macronutrient Composition and Calorie Content of Fueling Station Snack Selections of NCAA Division 1 Athletes
by Teitelbaum, Gabrielle, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2020, 70; 28028153
Abstract (Summary)

The NCAA Deregulation of Feeding in 2014 increased opportunities for feeding collegiate athletes; however, research addressing the nutritional content of snack selections from collegiate Fueling Stations is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the average calorie, macronutrient, and sodium content of the snacks selected at a free Fueling Station at a NCAA Division 1 school in California. The Fueling Station snack selections, during a representative 2- week (10-day) period during the fall sports seasons, were tracked and analyzed for energy, macronutrients, and sodium. During the study period, 329 (n = 147 male, n = 182 female) athletes visited the Fueling Station 1,879 times (athlete-days) and selected 3,592 snacks. Athletes visited the Fueling Station on an average of 5.7 ± 2.3 days. On average, athlete snack selection(s) contained 345 kcals, 49g of carbohydrates, 16g of protein, 10.5g of fat, and 308mg of sodium. A total of 24.7% of athletes met the recommendations for both carbohydrate (60g) and protein (15g). Male, compared to female, athlete snack selections contained significantly more calories (366.1 vs. 329.1 kcal, p < .001), carbohydrate (52.0 vs. 47.3 grams, p < .001) and protein (18.3 vs. 14.8 grams, p < .001). The PCr/AG athlete group selected snacks with the most calories and carbohydrates (353.99 kcals, 50.79g CHO, p < .001), while, the PCr/AG/OP group selected snacks with the least amount of protein (14.16g, p = .002). Findings suggest that athlete snack selections do not contain adequate nutrients for optimal recovery, an issue particularly relevant during periods of high-volume or high-intensity training. This research indicates a need for athletes to be educated on the importance of energy and carbohydrates for recovery.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Barrack, Michelle
Commitee: Blaine, Rachel, Dekofsky, Brooke
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Family and Consumer Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 82/6(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Nutrition, Higher education, Sports Management, Kinesiology
Keywords: NCAA Division I athlete, Collegiate athlete, Fueling station, Sports nutrition, Macronutrients, Sodium intake, Carbohydrates, Protein
Publication Number: 28028153
ISBN: 9798698595106
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