Often characterized by major transition and stress, emerging adulthood, ages 18 to 25, presents high risk for the onset of mental health issues (e.g., anxiety and depression). Parental relationships during this time can be a significant source of support or stress, particularly as individuals become more independent. Previous research links one particular parental behavior, psychological control (PC), to increased anxiety in youth, but little is known about the role of maternal PC and offspring stress response in emerging adulthood. Given ethnic differences in parenting values, parenting behaviors may have different implications across ethnic groups. Cortisol is a biomarker of stress response that has also been linked to mental health conditions such as depression. The present study will examine how ethnicity might moderate the link between maternal PC and physiological stress response among emerging adults. Participants (N = 89) were NHW, Hispanic/Latinx, and Asian American/Pacific Islander college students who completed a questionnaire measuring perceived maternal psychological control and performed an acute social stress task. Salivary cortisol samples were collected before, during, and after (immediately and every +15 min) for a total of 5 samples, and salivary reactivity (difference between baseline and peak cortisol levels) and recovery (difference between peak and 5th sample) were calculated. Results indicated that maternal PC was not associated with cortisol stress response and that this association was not moderated by ethnicity. Study limitations and implications are discussed.
|Commitee:||Urizar, Guido, Jr., Pan-Weisz, Bradley|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 82/6(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Developmental psychology, Ethnic studies, Higher education, Mental health, Individual & family studies, Behavioral psychology|
|Keywords:||Cortisol, Emerging adulthood, Emerging adults, Parenting behaviors, Psychological control, Stress response, Major transitions, Becoming independent, College students, Asian American students, Latinx students, Pacific Islander students, Mental health issues, Parental relationships|
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