Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship Between Narcissism and Memory Illusions in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott Paradigm
by Armstong, William P., M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2019, 64; 13885786
Abstract (Summary)

Research shows that personality differences are related to differences in memory quality and confidence. Despite an increasing interest in these relationships, research has largely overlooked one important, specific personality trait: narcissism. Narcissism represents a personality type that is characterized by an inflated sense of self-esteem, grandiose beliefs involving desirability or entitlement, and a disregard for the feelings of others. The limited findings available suggest that, people with higher levels of narcissism are more likely to remember information that portrays competence, desirability, or intelligence relative to those with lower levels of narcissism (Hart et al., 2011). However, based on the current scientific literature, the relationship between narcissism and semantic memory remains rather unclear. Though preliminary findings suggest that narcissistic personality features might be related to attentional bias towards performance-related information, researchers insist that further examination is necessary to better understand how narcissism relates to memory (Gu, He & Zhao, 2013). Therefore, it would be valuable to study narcissism in the context of true and false recall of narcissistic versus neutral information. The current study examines how narcissism relates to true and false recall of neutral and narcissistic words in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) task. Subjects saw three neutral and three narcissistic word lists, each comprised of 12 words strongly associated with a non-presented critical lure. Each list was followed by a free recall test. Following the DRM task, subjects completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and were divided into high and low-NPI groups. It was hypothesized that the high-NPI group would produce higher rates of true and false recall for narcissistic-related stimuli compared to the low-NPI group. Overall, the results showed that the high-NPI group did not exhibit increased rates of true and false recall relative to the low-NPI group.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Smith, Theodore S.
Commitee: Michael, Robert B., Perkins, David R.
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 82/5(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Personality psychology, Clinical psychology, Mental health, Metaphysics, Ethics
Keywords: Agency, Deese-Roediger-McDermott, Memory illusions, Narcissism, Semantic memory, Memory quality, Relationships, Entitlement, Self-esteem, Personality disorder, Narcissistic Personality Inventory
Publication Number: 13885786
ISBN: 9798691282508
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