Titanium in quartz is a promising tool with which to investigate processes of quartz growth and deformation. In this dissertation, I present and interpret the results of experimentally synthesized Ti-doped quartz crystals and shed light on sources of complexity that arise during non-equilibrium growth at 800℃ and 1 kbar. I use images of the Ti distributions in quartz from the Butte, Montana, porphyry Cu-Mo deposit to detail the sequence of events by which barren quartz and quartz-molybdenite veins are formed. I compare temperature estimates made with Ti concentrations to other independent methods of temperature estimates to show that the dark growth bands of CL-euhedral hydrothermal quartz record near-equilibrium growth and that the bright growth bands of CL-euhedral quartz are markers of disequilibrium “kinetic effects”. Lastly, I present a possible mechanism for the formation of oscillatory CL-bright and -dark growth bands under constant pressure and temperature conditions at low supersaturation.
This dissertation includes previously published and unpublished co-authored material.
|Advisor:||Reed, Mark H., Watkins, James M.|
|Commitee:||Guenza, Marina G., Dilles, John H., Giachetti, Thomas|
|School:||University of Oregon|
|Department:||Department of Geological Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Oregon|
|Source:||DAI-B 82/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Geology, Hydrologic sciences, Thermodynamics, Low Temperature Physics|
|Keywords:||Butte porphyry Cu, Deformation, Quartz, Quartz growth, Recrystallization, TitaniQ|
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