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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Sexual and Gender Minoritized Young Adult (14-26 Year Old) Abortion Experiences in the United States
by Bartelt, Elizabeth, Ph.D., Indiana University, 2020, 107; 28090442
Abstract (Summary)

Sexual and gender minoritized young people experience high rates of pregnancy which sometimes lead to abortion. Sexual and gender minoritized young people are often examined from the perspective of stigma rather than resiliency. This study aimed to identify: 1- the ways in which sexual and gender minoritized young people seek abortion care, 2- and their unique experiences with this care. Twenty-six participant interviews were conducted via audio/video internet platform. The semi-structured interview guide explored aspects of minority stress theory, abortion, reproductive life planning, and access to medical providers. Audio recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim, thematically coded through predetermined and emergent codes. Predetermined codes were developed through study aims, theory, and interview guide; emergent codes were codes that occurred naturally in the data. Data revealed that sexual and gender minoritized participants struggled with isolation during their abortion experiences. This was often connected to not being able to widely share their stories. When they did find resiliency, it was often in chosen family and they were intentional in reminding people of their sexual and gender minoritized identity with telling of their abortion experience. Community connection and social support provided resiliency or mitigation of minoritized stress for sexual and gender minoritized young adults. Participants felt that larger sexual and gender minoritized communities were not consistently inclusive of all their intersecting identities. Abortion providers may consider preemptively asking patients their sexual orientation and gender identity to ensure they are providing inclusive care and follow-up resources as needed. It is important for advocates in both reproductive justice and sexual and/or gender minoritized communities to provide inclusive resources and support groups on contraceptives, pregnancy options, and abortion. Future research should examine sexual and gender minoritized people of color to more fully understand the unique experiences this population faces in their abortion experiences.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Dodge, Brian
Commitee: Guerra-Reyes, Lucia, Herbenick, Debby, Fortenberry, J. Dennis
School: Indiana University
Department: School of Public Health
School Location: United States -- Indiana
Source: DAI-A 82/3(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Public health, Sexuality, Gender studies, Ethnic studies, Individual & family studies, Health care management
Keywords: Abortion, LGBTQIA+, Reproductive health, Young adult, Minorities, United States, Pregnancy, Stigma
Publication Number: 28090442
ISBN: 9798672171142
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