Mental toughness is vital for an athlete to perform at their optimal level (Gucciardi, Hanton, Gordon, Mallett, & Temby, 2015). Athletes exhibit behaviors that can be related to mental toughness. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between positive and negative body language with mental toughness. A total of 16 female NCAA Division II volleyball athletes participated in this study, with a mean age of 18.69 and an average of 7.46 years of volleyball experience. The participants were African American (43.8%), Asian-Pacific (25%), White (25%), and multi-ethnic (1%). The current study was a part of a larger longitudinal study which assessed the effectiveness of an intervention on athlete mental toughness, delivered by the coaches. In that study a mental toughness behavior checklist was created, the main study used this checklist when obtaining observational data. In addition, the participants were asked to complete a mental toughness scale and answer one open-ended question, “what were behaviors that indicate someone is mentally tough in your sport?”. Although a relationship between mental toughness and body language was not found, previous research has acknowledged that a relationship exists between mental toughness and positive body language and in fact have a positive impact on team cohesion (Diment, 2014). The qualitative data revealed that mentally toughness levels can be identified by nonverbal behaviors in volleyball. Findings suggest interventions integrating modeling and filming, so athletes are aware of their behaviors.
|Commitee:||Ede, Alison, Walters, Kellie|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 82/4(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Kinesiology, Personality psychology|
|Keywords:||Sport and Exercise Psychology, Volleyball|
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