Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Design and Synthesis of Functional Nanomaterials Via Direct CO2 Utilization for Electrochemical Energy Storage
by Cha, Younghwan, Ph.D., Washington State University, 2020, 204; 27836250
Abstract (Summary)

The utilization of carbon dioxide (CO2) has been a worldwide issue due to the growing concerns of climate change and global warming. Accordingly, numerous studies have been directed toward developing practical technologies that can utilize CO2 to produce a wide range of fuels and value-added materials. These approaches have heavily relied on organic chemistry routes or finding selective catalysts with high efficiency and feasible yield. However, such approaches face shortcomings due to the complex mechanisms of the conversion process, which limit their practical implementation.

In this dissertation, CO2-thermic oxidation process is proposed as a novel synthetic route to carbon-inorganic nanocomposites with diverse functionalities. The new approach was first evaluated based on its fundamental aspects, such as thermodynamic assessment and real-time phase evolution. As one promising application of CO2-thermic oxidation process, carbon-coated macroporous silicon materials were synthesized as anodes for lithium ion batteries and demonstrated excellent electrochemical performance with good rate capability and long-term cycling stability.

Additionally, this dissertation describes the characterization and correlation of the composition, structure, and morphology of synthesized materials to the processing conditions and conversion mechanism, employing in-situ high temperature X-ray diffraction, nano X-ray computed tomography, pulse-type mass spectroscopy, and electron microscopy.

Finally, the versatility of CO2-thermic oxidation process was successfully demonstrated with various intermetallic compounds possessing unique crystal structures and physical/chemical properties. Overall, the findings suggest that the proposed thermal process can be used to synthesize functional carbon-inorganic nanocomposites with diverse microstructures and morphologies.

It is anticipated that the findings presented in this dissertation offer a new pathway for CO2 utilization and provide a foundation for the rational design and synthesis of functional materials with controlled structures and properties.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Song, Min-Kyu
Commitee: Ha, Su, Lin, Yuehe
School: Washington State University
Department: Materials Science
School Location: United States -- Washington
Source: DAI-B 82/3(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Materials science, Electrical engineering, Nanotechnology, Chemical engineering, Energy
Keywords: Carbon dioxide, CO2 utilization, Energy storage, Functional material, Intermetallic, Oxidation
Publication Number: 27836250
ISBN: 9798678105523
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