Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Elementary School Teachers’ Uses and Perceptions of Token Economies
by Smith, Hannah, M.S., Minot State University, 2020, 79; 28029255
Abstract (Summary)

A token economy is a system for providing positive reinforcement to a child or group of children by giving them tokens for behaving in desired or expected ways. Token economies are used in education as a method of strengthening a behavior. This study investigated teachers’ attitudes towards token economies as interventions. Kindergarten through sixth grade elementary teachers were surveyed. The results were compiled and examined to determine which forms of token economies were most commonly used at the elementary level. Data was also collected to determine teacher attitudes towards effectiveness and ease of implementation of token economies. Results from this study indicated that many teachers have a basic knowledge of token economies. Overall teachers reported that response cost token economy systems were ineffective, and rather than using punishment as a means to thwart negative behaviors, educators preferred to focus on using positive reinforcement to increase good behaviors. Teachers also did not feel like token economies were a form of bribery. Teachers from this study reported that star charts and Class Dojo were the most effective and easiest to implement token economy systems. Teachers subsequently reported that they would continue to use star charts with 77% certainty and Class Dojo with 84% certainty in the future. Seventy seven percent of teachers also reported that if were knowledgeable about token economies they would be willing to try them.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Askvig, Brent
Commitee: Pedersen, Holly, Michels, Vicki
School: Minot State University
Department: Special Education
School Location: United States -- North Dakota
Source: MAI 82/3(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Special education, Education, Elementary education
Keywords: Token economies, Positive reinforcement, Intervention
Publication Number: 28029255
ISBN: 9798664777550
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