Producing high yields of dairy-quality alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay is largely hindered by the increased levels of lignin and low fiber digestibility as the crop matures. Specific higher quality varieties tested here have the potential to increase yields unhindered by the penalty in quality that typically occurs with late maturity. Studies were conducted in Davis and Parlier, CA in 2017-2019 in irrigated trials using a split-plot design with harvest schedules as main plots and varieties as sub-plots utilizing semi- dormant (Fall Dormancy 6) and non-dormant (FD 8-9) lines. Long cutting intervals (37 to 40 d) resulted in significantly higher yields than a ‘normal’ schedule (28-29 d), indicating the yield reward for delayed cuttings. Higher quality varieties harvested under a longer cutting interval yielded 13 to 15% higher and had similar NDFD levels to conventional varieties cut under a normal cutting schedule. The results from this study demonstrate the potential of new higher quality alfalfa varieties in a Mediterranean environment as a potential tool for delaying harvests, increasing yields, while maintaining high digestibility (NDFD) without the dramatic increase in fiber and lower digestibility that typically accompanies late harvests.
|Advisor:||Putnam, Daniel H.|
|Commitee:||Laca, Emilio A., Brummer, Edward Charles|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|Department:||Horticulture and Agronomy|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 82/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Agronomy, Agriculture, Plant sciences|
|Keywords:||Cutting schedule, Alfalfa, Mediterranean environment|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be