This phenomenological study offers an in-depth exploration of eight former gang members’ experiences with caregivers, significant adults, and other gang members and how those relationships affected decisions to join gangs. New findings emerged about the effect of relationships and exposure to trauma and violence on one’s sense of self and self-deficit formation. These findings present clinical as well as policy opportunities for gang prevention, intervention, and rehabilitation. The seven major findings in this study include:
1. Family relationships impact gang membership.
2. Gangs attract people in search of self-object need fulfillment.
3. Feelings of rejection and social alienation lead to searching for this fulfillment from other avenues, including gangs.
4. Exposure to violence leads gang members to perpetuate violence.
5. Unresolved trauma increases the appeal of gangs as a means of coping.
6. Some gang members cope by disconnecting from emotions and acting out internal states.
7. The presence of limited positive relationships with significant adults, although helpful, is not enough to provide needed missing self-object functions that can decrease vulnerability to gang involvement.
|School:||Institute for Clinical Social Work (Chicago)|
|Department:||Clinical Social Work|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/2(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Individual & family studies, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||Childhood, Gangs, Caregivers|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be