The study explored the problem of mass incarceration from the perspective of local, short-term confinement, where county sentences last two and a half years or less. Recidivism has been implicated as a major contributor to high rates of incarceration, with the 30-state average showing 67.8% returning to incarceration within three years of release (Durose, Cooper, & Snyder, 2014). A robust knowledge base presently exists regarding recidivism for adults under supervision of probation, parole, drug courts, and state and federal prisons (Christensen, 2008; Durose et al., 2014). There is a need for knowledge about efficacy of program intervention at the county jail level, inspiring interest in local Massachusetts jails, where justice-involved adults typically have relatively short (six to eight months) lengths of stay (Ashe & Lyman, 2016). As a conceptual framework, the study utilized scholarship on adult learning, adult justiceinvolvement in the U.S., and Evidence Based Practice, an outgrowth of the body of literature called what works in corrections. The study measured the relationship between program involvement and post-release outcomes. By mining archival data for a randomized sample (n = 420) of the 2015 county sentenced release cohort (N = 1763), the researcher derived for each person a dosage score regarding productive engagement (Ashe, 2014) as well as a criminogenic risk score based on electronic records created by facility staff. The researcher then compared these data with utilization of aftercare support as well as with recidivism due to new crime or technical violation at points one-year and three-years after release. The findings reflect a pattern of accuracy in risk prediction as well as variations in protective effect along the lines of various demographic distinctions. The researcher found significant positive correlation between levels of productive engagement and community reintegration outcomes, most noteworthy at the highest levels of program dosage.
|Advisor:||Michael, Christine N.|
|Commitee:||Young, Nicholas D., Bienia, Elizabeth|
|School:||American International College|
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||DAI-A 82/2(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational psychology, Adult education, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Smart decarceration, Justice-involved adults, Jail, Recidivism, Criminogenic factors, Evidence-based corrections, Social-emotional learning|
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