Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

An Analytical Approach to the Manufacture and Use of Bone Tools from the Aucilla River in Florida
by Summa, Clara M., M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2020, 312; 27993957
Abstract (Summary)

The Aucilla River is home to numerous archaeological sites whose exceptional preservation offers a unique perspective on Florida’s early people. The 2018 excavation of the Ladson Rise site, located within this river, produced over 100 bone implements and fragments. This research focuses on developing an analytical method that can be utilized to study these bone tools. An approach was developed that prioritizes the study of striations and macrofractures. The documentation of these traces aids in the identification of patterns that leads to the development of hypotheses regarding tool manufacture and use. Experimental archaeology is used to test these hypotheses and to further support interpretations. This research found that striations around the apical area, or the lack thereof, can indicate a specific method of manufacture or motion of use. In addition, the study of macrofractures can provide information regarding how the tool was broken, such as a double hinge fracture being suggestive of hunting. This multifaceted approach provides the opportunity to explore the diversity of the Late Paleoindian and Early Archaic toolkits, as well as better understand the people who made and used these tools.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Lacombe, Sebastien
Commitee: Sanger, Matthew
School: State University of New York at Binghamton
Department: Anthropology
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 82/2(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Archaeology, Physical anthropology, Cultural anthropology
Keywords: Bone tools, Experimental archaeology, Use-Wear analysis, Aucilla River
Publication Number: 27993957
ISBN: 9798662572980
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