This paper is a policy analysis of the Second Chance Act of 2007. The intent was to examine the effectiveness of the policy to address the barriers to reentry and the cause of mass incarceration and high rates of recidivism in the United States. The analyst performed an extensive literature review by utilizing various sources, including government documents, legislation, and scholarly journals, to review societal changes and events of the criminal justice system leading up to the enactment of the policy.
The policy’s objectives focused on reducing recidivism rates by providing intensive and comprehensive treatment through assessment. Subsequently, those reentering from incarceration are offered community programs tailored to effective treatment. The purpose is to provide public safety and successful reintegration of returning offenders at risk of recidivism. After reviewing the various sources of literature and studying the policy, the analyst established that inmates are released with additional barriers than when they were arrested. It was also apparent that incarceration is connected to various social problems, including poverty, homelessness, mental health, physical health, substance use, unemployment, and lack of social capital. The policy analysis suggests that its benefits include increased funding and research toward evidence-based programs that tailor their services according to the client’s needs. In regard to social work, the policy in place is a platform for advancing research and providing effective services for the clients and the community to which they return.
|Commitee:||Chambers, Ruth M, Potts, Marilyn|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Social Work, School of|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 82/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Mass incarceration, Criminal justice, Societal changes, Social capitol|
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