While community violence has been linked to a host of negative outcomes, many youth living in low-income, urban communities who are exposed to community violence do not develop negative sequelae. This study aimed to better understand some of the protective and resource factors that might safeguard urban early adolescents from negative outcomes and promote their emotional and academic well-being. More specifically, the potentially buffering role of parental emotion socialization (ES) through its relation with the youth emotion regulation (ER) strategies of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression was examined. Rather than focusing on ES response types, the ways in which caregivers use combinations of ES responses in the context of one another was explored. Further, while specific ER strategies and ES responses have been deemed adaptive and maladaptive, this study investigated if contextual and cultural effects moderate the way in which these emotional processes are linked with youth outcomes. A community sample of middle school urban youth/parent dyads were recruited through schools, community organizations, and online paneling to complete a series of questionnaires. Findings provide evidence that distinct ES styles exist, but a majority of caregivers were reported to use one ES style that was largely supportive. Cognitive reappraisal served as a resource factor and expressive suppression served as a protective factor to safeguard youth from some negative outcomes. Preliminary evidence suggested that further study is warranted to investigate if contextual and cultural effects may moderate the way in which emotion socialization and emotion regulation are linked with youth outcomes in urban youth who are exposed to community violence.
|Advisor:||Cardemil, Esteban V.|
|Commitee:||Grolnick, Wendy S., McKee, Laura G., Stewart, Andrew L.|
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||DAI-B 82/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Personality psychology, Mental health|
|Keywords:||Community violence, Emotion regulation, Emotion socialization, Urban youth|
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