The purpose of this quantitative correlational study with moderation was to examine the differing moderating roles of centrality and in-group superiority in the relationship between perceived Islamophobia and psychological distress. Perceived Islamophobia, group centrality, in-group superiority, and psychological distress were measured using Perceived Islamophobia Scale, the shorter version of the Identity Centrality Scale , Perceived In-Group Superiority Scale , and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. In this study, a convenience sample (N = 113) of Muslim males and females above 18 years old was used. An online survey tool, SurveyMonkey, was used to collect data from Muslim immigrants living in Calgary, Canada. The analytical strategy was to conduct 2 separate hierarchical moderated regression analyses (1 for identity centrality and 1 for in-group superiority) to examine the moderating role group identity. Social identity theory provided the theoretical foundation to answer the question of how perceived Islamophobia impacts the psychological distress of Muslim immigrants in Canada. The findings indicated that perceived Islamophobia significantly predicts psychological distress among Muslim immigrants in Canada, and identity centrality significantly moderates the relationship between perceived Islamophobia and psychological distress by buffering against the negative effects of percieved group discrimination. However, in group superiority was not a significant moderator in the relationship between perceived Islamophobia and psychological distress.The findings will be beneficial for the practitioners and policy makers to devise better intervention strategies for the wll-being of muslim immigrants in Canda to bring a positive social change in society.
|Advisor:||Cosley, Brandon J.|
|Commitee:||Gallaher, Peggy, Rice, Stephen|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||DAI-B 82/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Group identification, Identity centrality, Ingroup superiority, Islamophobia, Psychological distress|
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