The purpose of this instrumental qualitative case study was to explore how mental health counseling professionals at an outpatient counseling agency in Arizona described their experiences of empathic responsiveness, therapeutic or personal relationships; and vicarious resilience, related to vicarious trauma, related to vicarious trauma. Constructivist self-development theory (CSDT) provided the conceptual framework for this study. A critical case sampling technique was used to select 10 mental health counselors to participate in this study. Data were gathered through two open-ended, semistructured individual face-to-face interviews, and reflective journals. An interpretative analysis procedure was used to analyze all the data collected in the study. The following are the major themes that emerged from the data relating to descriptions of experiences with vicarious trauma: (a) responsiveness, (b) relationships, (c) resilience, (d) change in world view, (e) perception of safety, and (f) change in view of self. The results indicated that mental health counselors experience vicarious trauma due to listening to repeated trauma narratives. The results showed that the experiences with vicarious trauma adversely affected mental health counselors (a overall empathic responsiveness (on a personal and professional level), and (b therapeutic or personal relationships, and that (c) participants desired uniformed protocols to promote vicarious resilience.
|Commitee:||Burner, Kerry, Katt, Jessica|
|School:||Grand Canyon University|
|Department:||College of Doctoral Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-B 82/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Counseling Psychology, Occupational psychology, Mental health|
|Keywords:||Burnout, Mental health professional, Mental health worker and stress, Outpatient mental health behavioral health setting, Secondary traumatic stress, Vicarious trauma|
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