Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Ex post facto Examining Age, Gender, and Treatment Outcomes between Inpatient Abstinence-Based and Medication-Assisted Treatment Models for Adults
by Davis, Larena, Ph.D., Capella University, 2020, 99; 28027247
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of the study was to determine if there is a statistically significant relationship between treatment modality, treatment outcomes, age, and gender. The study addressed the need to improve treatment outcomes for men and women seeking substance abuse treatment. The gap in the literature is identifying any differences in the treatment outcomes between abstinence-based treatment (ABT) and medication-assisted treatment (MAT) utilized in the inpatient level of care for men and women. This study aimed to determine if there is a statistically significant relationship between treatment modalities (ABT and MAT) and treatment outcomes (treatment completed and treatment not completed) in an inpatient substance abuse facility. Also, the study aimed to determine if age, gender, and treatment type were predictive of outcomes. The ex post facto quantitative study utilized archival data from discharge summaries in 2016 and 2018. The population included adults age 18–99 who met the criteria for inpatient substance abuse treatment, with a total sample of 148 participants. The minimum age of the sample was 20, the maximum age was 73, and the mean age was 40.66. For the archival data research, the statistical model was a chi-square test of independence and binary logistic regression analysis. Both research questions for this study failed to reject the null hypothesis. The conclusions were based on the results from the study finding no statistical significance or relationship among the variables of treatment modality, treatment outcomes, age, and gender. Treatment outcomes measured by discharge type produced similar treatment completion in both 2016 (ABT) and 2018 (MAT). The treatment modality of MAT produced a slightly higher treatment completion rate but nothing of statistical significance.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Willis, Bradley
Commitee: Neal, Crystal, Perepiczka, Michelle
School: Capella University
Department: School of Counseling and Human Services
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-A 82/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Counseling Psychology, Therapy
Keywords: Abstinence-based treatment, Inpatient treatment, Medication-assisted treatment, Substance use disorders, Transtheoretical model, Treatment outcomes
Publication Number: 28027247
ISBN: 9798662449725
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