Every 25 minutes a baby is born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (cdc.gov., 2016). Pregnant women with substance use disorder (SUD) have identified healthcare provider bias as a barrier to accessing prenatal care (Crawford, Sias, & Goodwin, 2015). According to Madva (2018), self-awareness was identified as a key component to control bias. One measure of self-awareness is emotional intelligence (Boyatzis, 2018).
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study is to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence, attitude, and demographical variables that impact nurse’s attitude or bias. These variables include: age, education, exposure to addiction, years caring for pregnant women with SUD and/or their newborns and the nurses’ understanding of addiction as a disease.
Surveys were completed by registered nurses who care for pregnant women with SUD and their newborns at a tertiary women’s hospital by a convenience sample of n=498. Validated tools for the study included Brief Emotional Intelligence Scale (BEIS-10 (Davies et al, 2010) and Medical Condition Regard Scale (MCRS) (Gilchrist et al., 2011).
Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis was performed on the data of completed surveys (n=153). A slight correlation between emotional intelligence (EI) and medical condition regard scale (MCRS) r= 0.15, p-value 0.07 was found. Nurses who had worked in obstetrics for greater than 31 years showed the highest correlation of r=0.52, p-value 0.08. Modifiable variables that showed highest correlation of EI and MCRS were diploma graduates at r=0.47, p-value 0.06. The modifiable variable with the most significance was “Is addiction a- chronic disease, choice, or both?” Respondents who chose addiction is a chronic disease showed a statistically significant correlation of r=0.41, p-value 0.04.
The indication of a correlation between EI and MCRS was not as significant as expected, however, comparison with modifiable variables indicated greater statistical significance. The indication of a correlation between higher EI and MCRS for the respondents that consider addiction a chronic disease needs further evaluation to determine if the belief that addiction is a chronic disease is a result of higher EI and MCRS. These findings may provide educators/administrators with insight behind a nurse’s attitude towards addiction. Unintentional results of this study would be increased self-awareness of bias by nurses completing the surveys.
|Commitee:||Brooks, Kimberly, Zona, Elizabeth|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-B 81/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Clinical psychology, Obstetrics|
|Keywords:||Addiction, Attitude, Eemotional intelligence, Implicit bias, Pregnant women with substance use disorder|
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