The objective of the study was to examine self-injury and interpersonal relationship difficulties in adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). Thirty-eight participants diagnosed with MDD were selected from a larger study on borderline personality disorder, mood disorders, and suicidal behavior. Of the sample, 17 participants denied a history of suicidal acts and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and 21 reported engaging in at least one previous suicide attempt (actual, ambiguous, interrupted, or aborted) or NSSI. Assessments of depression, self-injury, rejection sensitivity (RS), insecure attachments (attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance), and trauma were conducted. There was no significant difference between those with a history of self-injury and those without a history of self-injury on rejection sensitivity, attachment anxiety, and attachment avoidance. Depression severity had a significant association with rejection sensitivity and attachment anxiety. Trauma history was a significant predictor of history of self-injury. The current study highlights the relationships between depressive symptoms and interpersonal functioning, and trauma history and self-injury. Given the rate and severity of self-injury among individuals with MDD, research should continue to examine risk factors in this population and prioritize the development and utility of preventative interventions that focus on interpersonal effectiveness.
|Commitee:||Øverup, Camilla S., Brodsky, Beth, Loeb, Katharine|
|School:||Fairleigh Dickinson University|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-B 81/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Mental health, Behavioral psychology|
|Keywords:||Interpersonal Mechanisms, Major depressive disorder, Nonsuicidal self-injury, Self-injury, Suicidal behavior|
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