The Russian LGB community is one of the most oppressed communities in the world and the oppression is reinforced on a federal level with laws that violate the human rights of LGB individuals in Russia. This study examined the level of perceived discrimination, internalized homonegativity, and the level of mental health symptoms, including the symptoms of depression and anxiety, in a sample of 100 LGB individuals residing in Russia in comparison to a sample of 78 LGB individuals residing in the United States. The results indicated that Russian residents did not have significantly higher symptoms of depression and anxiety, perceived discrimination, and internalized homonegativity. Correlation analysis indicated no positive correlation between internalized homonegativity and mental health symptoms in Russian LGB individuals in contrast to U.S. LGB individuals. As homophobia has been the social norm in Russia, many LGB individuals who display homophobic feelings avoid stress and mental health issues. It is likely that they are less “out” as compared to their U.S. counterparts. This study demonstrated that the results of LGB oppression have similar effects on mental health in both Russia and the US. However, the Russian LGB individuals understood oppression, discrimination, and the need for human rights activism differently than the U.S. LGB participants. The approaches to the treatment of anxiety and depression in the Russian and U.S. LGB communities might be similar, but clinicians must be sensitive to a Russian cultural difference in their perception of this topic.
|Commitee:||Zakowski, Sandra, Pytluk, Scott|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Mental health, LGBTQ studies|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Depression, Discrimination, LGBTQ+, Russia, USA|
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