Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Quantification of Salt Concentration in Water Bodies Using Sensor Technology
by Kafle, Ravin, M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2020, 66; 27958001
Abstract (Summary)

Chloride-based deicers have been the primary products used for the winter maintenance operations in the U.S. Deicers/Salts mixes with rain and snowmelt and are transported to local water bodies lakes and streams, which will have a detrimental impact on the water quality. An increase in chloride concentration in the water bodies is toxic to most of the aquatic species. We monitored high resolution (15 minutes) salt concentration for a relatively long time period (winter and spring months) using low-cost sensors at water bodies in Madison County, Illinois. We calibrated sensors using different standard NaCl solutions. Our validation results showed sensors were able to predict salt concentrations in both laboratory and field settings within the precision level required to quantify salt concentration in water bodies. The concentration of salt in water bodies increased in the winter season, which may be attributed to winter road maintenance practices using deicing. Furthermore, we found that the salt concentrations were noticeably high for ephemeral drains/streams within the urban setting compared to perennial streams

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Benjankar, Rohan
Commitee: Zhou, Jianpeng, Qi, Yan
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Civil Engineering
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Water Resources Management
Keywords: Chloride-based deicers, Winter maintenance operations
Publication Number: 27958001
ISBN: 9798641244631
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