Few literary scholars today would number Nathaniel Hawthorne among the Transcendentalists. Although Hawthorne utilizes many of the themes and practices of the Transcendentalists, he diverges sharply from their teachings. The following research not only supports this claim, it also analyzes Hawthorne’s rejection of the philosophy through many of the literary works he writes during his years spent in Concord, Massachusetts. An archetype of the devilish fiend has significant contextual value in many of Hawthorne’s stories that discuss Transcendental themes and ideas in the most detail. This figure takes precedence exclusively in stories relating to Transcendental ideas and/or Hawthorne’s response thereof. This research claims Hawthorne’s reason for forsaking Emersonian Transcendentalism is due to an unconditional depravity of the human soul.
|Commitee:||Anderson, Jill, Berger, Charles|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Blithedale romance, Devil, Emerson, Hawthorne, Transcendentalism, Goodman Brown, Young|
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