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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Denuclearization of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Learning from the Past to Move Forward
by Joo, Young Hyun, M.A., The George Washington University, 2020, 124; 27957406
Abstract (Summary)

The United States (the U.S.) has been trying to denuclearize the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (the DPRK) for the past 25 years and counting, yet no solid and strong agreement holds between these two countries. In an effort to analyze why denuclearization of the DPRK is challenging, this paper will compare three U.S. presidents’ DPRK policy initiatives to elucidate the conditions that tend to be conducive to the U.S. and the DPRK reaching an agreement. This paper will further scrutinize cases such as the Agreed Framework by President Bill Clinton, the Six-Party Talks by President George W. Bush, and the Leap Day Agreement by President Barack Obama. These agreements were specifically chosen because the Agreed Framework was the longest held agreement between the DPRK and the U.S. After the Agreed Framework fell through, two consecutive agreements were devised, but they did not produce much progress and were short-lived. This cascade effect currently places the DPRK and the U.S. in a confusing and uncertain realm with no agreement to hold each other accountable.

This paper will be based on qualitative processing method, peer reviewed journals, archival, and database research. This study is significant because the DPRK possessing nuclear weapons continues to not only threaten the security of the Northeast Asian region but also the rest of the world. Based on the research of the three different policies and the U.S. Presidents, certain conditions have to be arranged for reaching an agreement. The four conditions are to 1. to have a presidential political alignment of progressive-democratic in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the U.S.; 2. to not include a human rights clause in a denuclearization agreement; 3. to refrain from sending mixed messages; and 4. to avoid elections seasons for a potential agreement. Sufficing these four conditions will make it more likely for the U.S. to strike another potential denuclearization agreement with the DPRK.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Arrington, Celeste
Commitee: Brazinsky, Gregg
School: The George Washington University
Department: International Affairs
School Location: United States -- District of Columbia
Source: MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: International Relations
Keywords: Denuclearization, North Korea, Policies, United States
Publication Number: 27957406
ISBN: 9798645498252
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