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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Personality Traits that Influence Bystander Intervention in Cyberbullying
by Preston, Hanna Anne, Psy.D., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2020, 72; 27957806
Abstract (Summary)

While there exists an extensive amount of research on bullying, it has only been recently that researchers have shifted their focus to cyberbullying. Although there are many parallels that can be drawn between offline bullying and cyberbullying, the added component of cyberspace and the use of electronic communication make this a novel area of study. Cyberbullying has been linked to negative physical, psychological, and academic outcomes, and has consequently become a pervasive issue warranting attention and effective intervention. Despite these factors, the literature on cyberbullying remains scarce. Little is known regarding which individual factors influence bystander intervention in cyberbullying situations. The current study built upon previous research linking personality traits and bystander behavior in bullying situations (Mitsopoulou & Giovazolias, 2015; Pronk et al., 2015; Tani, Greenman, Schneider, & Fregoso, 2003). More specifically, this study used the five factor model of personality to determine whether personality traits influenced a bystander’s likelihood of passively observing cyberbullying online or actively intervening to defend the victim. Undergraduate students completed a personality inventory and read through a cyberbullying situation posted online via a simulated Facebook conversation thread. Bystander behavior was determined through self-selected categorizations. Results indicated that personality traits predicted bystander behavior. Higher levels of agreeableness and extraversion were associated with increased defending behavior. Data indicated that neuroticism alone did not significantly predict bystander behavior in male or female participants. Findings from this study can provide direction for future research, and may be used to inform intervention efforts aimed at mobilizing bystanders in cyberbullying situations.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Jewell, Jeremy
Commitee: Hupp, Stephen, Conoyer, Sarah
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Personality psychology
Keywords: Bystander behavior, Bystander intervention, Cyberbullying, Personality traits
Publication Number: 27957806
ISBN: 9798645497729
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