THE IMPACT OF A SATURDAY SCHOOL DETENTION PROGRAM ON DECREASING REFERRALS AND INCREASING ATTENDANCE
EDGAR B. VALENZUELA
This study assessed the efficacy of a Saturday School Detention (SSD) treatment program that is commonly used in high schools throughout the United States. Currently, countless numbers of schools have implemented SSD as a disciplinary consequence instrument with little or no empirical evidence authenticating the validity of such a restorative treatment program. Therefore, this study explored the impact of a restorative detention program held on Saturdays (SSD) and its effect on student disciplinary referrals and attendance rate related to unexcused absences to determine if continual use of such treatment is warranted. In the study, the researcher reviewed disciplinary referral data generated from 54 high school students who violated school policies and/or rules and were assigned SSD as a disciplinary consequence. Additionally, the study also reviewed unexcused absences data pertaining to 53 students who were assigned and completed SSD. Student data generated from disciplinary assignments and school attendance rate related to unexcused absences were used to determine whether the restorative treatment—SSD—was a statistically significant predictor of future school disciplinary referrals (disruption) and attendance rate related to unexcused absences by students mandated to attend SSD. In this study, the researcher also described the influence of school disruption and attendance rate related to unexcused absences on school atmosphere and its association with building and fostering a safe and supportive school.
The study used a three week (15 school days) pre- and post-treatment snapshot of disruptive disciplinary incident referrals and attendance—counting unexcused absences—to establish whether SSD (independent variable) impacted future disciplinary referrals and attendance rate related to unexcused absences (dependent variables) of the students who completed the treatment. Paper and pencil tasks were used to tally disruptive disciplinary referrals and attendance rate related to unexcused absences data which were then transferred into an excel spreadsheet for coding and analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS). Having met all assumptions without the need to transform data, the researcher used a paired sample t-test to conduct his analysis. Results of the study indicated that both hypotheses were significant and SSD was effective in reducing disciplinary referrals and improving student attendance.
The researcher intends to use the findings of this study to validate the effectiveness of a popular disciplinary treatment program and its influence on schools. The results of this study will be beneficial for schools and school districts that are contemplating the use of or are currently using SSD as a disciplinary treatment option.
|Commitee:||Clement, Nicholas, Delecki, Walter, Schwanenberger, Michael|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational administration, Educational leadership, Educational evaluation|
|Keywords:||ATTENDANCE, DETENTION, LEADERSHIP, PROGRAM, REFERRALS, SATURDAY SCHOOL|
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