Aim: To examine client perceptions of therapists when therapists disclose similar psychological problems in the distant past, recent past, present, or nondisclosure.
Objectives: To test the exploratory hypotheses that 1) the distant past disclosure will yield the most favorable ratings, the present disclosure will yield the least favorable, and no self-disclosure and recent past disclosure will yield moderately favorable results. 2) Therapists disclosing major depressive disorder will be rated more favorable than those disclosing bipolar disorder.
Method: Online participants were randomly assigned to read one of eight vignettes describing an interaction between a client and therapist, which differed by the timing of the disorder disclosed by the therapist (none, present, recent past, distant past) and by the type of disorder major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder). Participants responded to a questionnaire rating the qualities of the therapist.
Results: This study used a 2 (psychological problem type) x 4 (disclosure condition) multivariate analysis of variance model (MANOVA) to test both hypotheses. The results showed a significant difference between the distant past and the present and nondisclosure conditions
|Commitee:||Ro, Eunyoe, Segrist, Dan|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Client preferences, Counseling, Psychological problems, Psychotherapist, Psycotherapy, Self-disclosure|
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