This work elaborates on the use of solvent free approach towards the generation of coordination polymers based on the 3D transition metals Mn, Fe, Co and Zn by use of N-heterocyclic amine ligand melts. Metals employed were either used as elemental metals in a redox-based approach derived from previous works or in the form of metal chlorides in an adduct-based strategy. Products obtained from reactions with the ligands imidazole (ImH), pyrazole (PzH), benzimidazole (bzImH), 1,2,3-triazole (1,2,3-TzH), 1,2,4-triazole (1,2,4-TzH) and piperazine (pipz) led to a variety of new compounds and crystal structures, especially with the ligand piperazine. The obtained products were subsequently used for studies in structure-property relations in the fields of polarizability and in the case of the triazolate frameworks for investigations into the dependence between luminescent properties and physisorption properties.
Among these newly discovered and characterized compounds, the polymeric character and degree of linkage varies from complexes (zero-dimensional) such as [CoCl2(pipz)] (26) and [ZnCl2(pipz)] (27), to strands (one-dimensional) such as 1∞[TMCl2(py)2(pipz)] (TM = Mn (29), Fe (30), Co (31)), nets (two-dimensional) such as 2∞[Fe2Cl4(pipz)3]∙(pipz) (25) and frameworks (three-dimensional) such as 3∞[FeCl2(pipz)] (32). Thermal analysis and subsequent changes in reaction conditions were able to show the relations between the obtained products and their thermodynamic stability not only in the aforementioned products, but also for a number of previously known compounds, most notably the imidazolates 3∞[TM3(Im)6(ImH)2] (TM = Mn (1), Fe (2), Co (3)).
Introducing small quantities of Mn2+ into the metal organic framework (MOF) 3∞[Zn(1,2,3-Tz)2] (21) leads to the compound 3∞[Zn0,9Mn0,1(1,2,3-Tz)2] (22) and activation of photoluminescent properties whilst retaining initial microporosity. This luminescent, microporous framework was used as a model system for the analysis of changes in photoluminescence during physisorption of several analyst gases at different temperatures. The obtained results could play a highly important role for the characterization of potential sensor materials and can be employed as a step-stone for mechanistic considerations in these highly interesting structure-property relations.
The successful redox-reactions of elemental metals with the ligands ImH, PzH, bzImH and 1,2,3-TzH allowed for an investigation of dielectric properties, comparing the influence of sample composition (compacted powders vs. mechanically prepared pellets) as well as structural features such as rigidity of crystal structures and their dimensional linkage on the permittivity of a family of compounds with very similar compositions. Additionally, these properties were also analysed with regards to changes in temperatures ranging from -100 °C and up to 150 °C. In this particular instance, the analysis of dielectric properties conducted on the MOFs 3∞[TM(1,2,3-Tz)2] (TM = Mn (18), Fe (19), Co (20), Zn (21)) contributes to another highly important field of properties in MOF chemistry, which has been discussed for quite some time, but is still underdeveloped.
|Advisor:||Müller-Buschbaum , Klaus|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
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