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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Lymphozyten-Subtypisierung und mRNA-Nachweis des Transkriptionsfaktors PRDI-BF1/Blimp-1 in B- und T-Lymphozyten von Patienten mit Common Variable Immunodeficiency und gesunden Probanden
by Thilo, Niklas, Ph.D., Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany), 2012, 91; 27766705
Abstract (Summary)

In this paper 15 healthy subjects and four patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID, a primary humoral immunodeficiency) were studied regarding the immune phenotype of their lymphocytes and the expression of the transcription factor PRDI-BF1/Blimp-1. For control purposes, some additional permanent lymphocyte cell lines were used (B-lymphoblastoid cell lines and Jurkat cells). After blood was drawn, the immune phenotype was determined using whole blood lysis technique. Additionally a complete blood count was measured on a hematology analyser. Compared to healthy subjects the CVID patients showed the following statistically significant differences in the differential blood count: relative lymphopenia, relative neutrophilia, relative and absolute eosinopenia (overall in terms of an inflammatory reaction). Flow cytometry showed the following abnormalities: relative expansion of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, absolute reduction of NK cells, relative expansion of HLA-DR positive lymphocytes, absolute reduction of CD27 positive lymphocytes, relative and absolute decrease in CD27 positive B cells (memory B cells). In all four patients the proportion of IgM negative (switched) memory cells to total B lymphocytes was greatly reduced. After stimulation with Staphylococcus aureus strain Cowan I and interleukin 2 in all studied patients and healthy subjects immunoglobulins in the cell culture supernatant and PRDI-BF1 mRNA in the cell lysate were detected, so that there was no evidence of a serious defect of PRDI-BF1 as a cause of CVID (e. g. in terms of a homozygous gene deletion). In the T lymphocytes and in a permanent T cell line (Jurkat) intended as negative controls PRDI-BF1 mRNA was surprisingly detected as well. This finding was confirmed through multiple repetitions, controls and high purification and separation of T lymphocytes in their subpopulations and was also reproduced and published by other research groups. The results suggested that PRDI-BF1 is expressed at higher levels in antigen experienced, CD45RA negative T lymphocytes and, therefore, plays a role in their terminal differentiation.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kreth , Hans Wolfgang
School: Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)
School Location: Germany
Source: DAI-C 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Immunology
Keywords: Common variable immunodeficiency
Publication Number: 27766705
ISBN: 9781392848883
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