In this paper 15 healthy subjects and four patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID, a primary humoral immunodeficiency) were studied regarding the immune phenotype of their lymphocytes and the expression of the transcription factor PRDI-BF1/Blimp-1. For control purposes, some additional permanent lymphocyte cell lines were used (B-lymphoblastoid cell lines and Jurkat cells). After blood was drawn, the immune phenotype was determined using whole blood lysis technique. Additionally a complete blood count was measured on a hematology analyser. Compared to healthy subjects the CVID patients showed the following statistically significant differences in the differential blood count: relative lymphopenia, relative neutrophilia, relative and absolute eosinopenia (overall in terms of an inflammatory reaction). Flow cytometry showed the following abnormalities: relative expansion of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, absolute reduction of NK cells, relative expansion of HLA-DR positive lymphocytes, absolute reduction of CD27 positive lymphocytes, relative and absolute decrease in CD27 positive B cells (memory B cells). In all four patients the proportion of IgM negative (switched) memory cells to total B lymphocytes was greatly reduced. After stimulation with Staphylococcus aureus strain Cowan I and interleukin 2 in all studied patients and healthy subjects immunoglobulins in the cell culture supernatant and PRDI-BF1 mRNA in the cell lysate were detected, so that there was no evidence of a serious defect of PRDI-BF1 as a cause of CVID (e. g. in terms of a homozygous gene deletion). In the T lymphocytes and in a permanent T cell line (Jurkat) intended as negative controls PRDI-BF1 mRNA was surprisingly detected as well. This finding was confirmed through multiple repetitions, controls and high purification and separation of T lymphocytes in their subpopulations and was also reproduced and published by other research groups. The results suggested that PRDI-BF1 is expressed at higher levels in antigen experienced, CD45RA negative T lymphocytes and, therefore, plays a role in their terminal differentiation.
|Advisor:||Kreth , Hans Wolfgang|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Common variable immunodeficiency|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be