This study examined the potential effects on anxiety levels of positive self-statements being used with both the first-person pronoun “I” and the second-person pronoun “You.” Participants included 124 undergraduate psychology students recruited from a university participation pool for research credit and from individual courses for extra credit. After being asked to recall a personally anxiety-producing situation from their past, participants retyped a positive self-statement, featuring either “I” or “You” wording, five times. Pre- and post-manipulation levels of state anxiety were measured. Results showed no significant main effects or interaction between time of pre- and post-anxiety levels and pronoun usage. These findings may suggest that self-statements may not have an effect on anxiety levels and the manipulation of pronouns may not effect potential benefits of using self-statements. The latter finding supports the basic findings of previous research that there are benefits of using all forms of pronouns within various situations.
|Commitee:||Segrist, Dan, Ro, Eunyoe|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Personality psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, First-person, Pronouns, Second-person, Self-statements|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be