Although there are two types of false memory (spontaneous and suggested), and there are numerous options for researching them, to date, research has focused almost exclusively on spontaneous false memory as explored using a popular method called the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Conversely, very little research has been published about suggested false memory or alternative means of investigating false memory recall. In addition, both anxiety and caffeine have been found to increase spontaneous false memory recall, and caffeine can also exacerbate anxiety. The present study sought to fill a void in false memory research by investigating caffeine’s effect on suggested false memory recall with regard for trait anxiety. In addition, it extends the literature by utilizing a unique visual false memory stimulus rather than the typical DRM paradigm. The results indicate that individuals recall significantly more suggested false memories for negative stimuli than for neutral or positive stimuli. These results may assist litigators and clinicians in further understanding the role of false memory in the courtroom and practice.
|Commitee:||Pawlow, Laura, Meinz, Elizabeth|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 81/12(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Cognitive psychology|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Caffeine, False memory, Suggested, Trait anxiety|
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