Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Prosocial Development Among Cuban Youth: Gender, Culture, and Contextual Influences
by Knight, April S., Ph.D., The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 2020, 252; 27742969
Abstract (Summary)

Moral reasoning was once thought to be a universal psychological process mainly dependent on cognitive development. Cross-cultural quantitative methodology studies have demonstrated that moral reasoning and prosocial behaviors are significantly influenced by gender, cultural practices, social structures, and contextual factors. Such studies in their vast majority include Western Anglo-American populations and fail to capture motivational evaluative constructs reflecting the underlying meanings or values that underlay moral reasoning and prosocial behavior. Latinx populations have been associated with positive psychological outcomes of prosocial moral reasoning and show distinctive sets of characteristics that correlate to moral reasoning including specific types of prosocial behavior (PSB) like a tendency to show concerns towards others. This cultural psychology qualitative grounded theory research study explored the influence of culture, context, and gender on the process of moral reasoning and prosocial behavior development of 10 female and 10 male Cuban young adults between 19 and 24 years of age. A semi-structured interview was used to capture lived experience-based moral phenomena that reflected events in their personal narrative. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and participants’ narratives were coded phrase by phrase until codes, categories and themes emerged from the analysis. The sociocultural systems and the dialogical moral-self frameworks provided direction to support the thematic outcomes and discussion of the results of this research study. Results suggest Cuban culture, context, and gender does influence moral reasoning. Participants narrative mapping suggests distinct patterns of checking in with valued parts of self in all three domains prior to conflict resolution.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Pecanha, Viviane D.
Commitee: Cleve, Robert, Hanks, Tammy
School: The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
Department: International Psychology: Organizations and Systems Concentration
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-A 81/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Behavioral psychology, Developmental psychology, Gender studies
Keywords: Cuban youth, Cultural psychology, Moral reasoning, Prosocial moral development
Publication Number: 27742969
ISBN: 9798645445904
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