The purpose of the longitudinal correlational study was to investigate the effects of defense spending on both blue-collar and white-collar job opportunities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The variables of interest were overall economic output, defense spending, blue-collar jobs, and white-collar jobs, all particular to Virginia. The relationships amongst these variables were measured using descriptive statistics and linear regressions, which were conducted on sample data of the above-mentioned variables of interest from 2009-2018. The theoretical framework underpinning this study was Faggio and Overman’s (2014) theory of public sector employment’s effects on the distribution of private-sector jobs. To further the body of knowledge on this method, the study sought to analyze the effects of government spending, in the form of defense spending, within the private sector. Prior studies theorized government spending efforts cause both crowding out and the creation of new jobs but found that these effects occur in different sectors (Faggio and Overman 2014). This study found that while government spending may lead to crowding out, government expenditure on defense spending alone, was not a significant predictor of Virginia’s GDP, white-collar job opportunities, or blue-collar opportunities.
|Advisor:||Hall, Gerard W.|
|Commitee:||Adeyiga, Janet, Kavota, Vahwere, Middleton, Kyndra|
|School Location:||United States -- Virginia|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Business administration, Economics, Statistics|
|Keywords:||Crowding-out, Defense, Employment, Expenditure, Government, Virginia|
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